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背景材料:关于推进网络提速降费相关政策简要情况(中英文)

来源::网络整理 | 作者:管理员 | 本文已影响

国务院政策例行吹风会材料之一

关于推进网络速降相关政策简要情况

工业和信息化部

(2015年5月15日)

  宽带网络是国家战略性公共基础设施,建设“高速畅通、覆盖城乡、质优价廉、服务便捷”的宽带网络基础设施和服务体系,既有利于壮大信息消费、拉动有效投资,促进工业化、信息化、新型城镇化和农村现代化融合发展,又可以降低创业成本,为打造大众创业、万众创新和增加公共产品、公共服务“双引擎”,推动“互联网+”发展提供有力支撑,对于稳增长、促改革、调结构、惠民生具有重要意义。5月13日,国务院常务会议对加快建设高速宽带网络、促进提速降费的工作进行了研究部署。

  一、背景情况

  2013年国务院印发实施《“宽带中国”战略及实施方案》以来,工业和信息化部会同有关部门积极落实,连续4年开展宽带专项行动。我国宽带发展水平有了显著提升。截至2014年底,我国FTTH覆盖家庭达到2.56亿户;固定宽带用户达2亿户,使用8M及以上的宽带用户达到8206.7万户,占比达到40.9%;建成4G基站73.3万个,移动宽带用户达5.83亿户。近三年来,手机流量资费水平下降了约60%,固定宽带资费水平下降了约30%。

  近几年我国在国际电信联盟信息通信技术使用和普及水平综合指数上的排名,基本处于全球第80名左右,其中网民人均国际出入口带宽、移动电话人口普及率、无线宽带人口普及率等指标靠后。总体上,我国宽带发展水平与人民群众的需求相比仍然不高,网络速率与国际先进水平和用户期望差距较大、网费占人均收入比重仍然较高、城乡区域发展不平衡、服务质量有待改善。造成这些问题的原因主要有:市场竞争不够、活力不足,需要深化改革、扩大开放;对农村及偏远地区宽带建设支持不足,宽带网络建设通行权得不到有效保障。

  二、主要举措及目标

  下一步,拟开展的工作主要包括三方面14条举措:在加快基础设施建设,大幅提高网络速率方面,提出加快高速宽带网络建设、提升骨干网络容量和网间互通能力、加强应用基础设施建设、深入推进电信基础设施共建共享等4项措施。在有效降低网络资费、持续提升服务水平方面,提出推动电信企业降低网络资费、提高电信企业运营效率、有序开放电信市场、加强电信市场监管、提升公共服务水平等5项措施;在完善配套支持政策、强化组织落实方面,提出推进简政放权、完善配套支持政策、完善宽带网络标准、全面保障宽带网络建设通行、规范通信建设行为等5条举措。

  通过上述措施,争取到2017年底,全国所有设区市城区和大部分非设区市城区家庭具备100Mbps光纤接入能力,直辖市、省会城市等主要城市宽带用户平均接入速率超过30Mbps;其他设区市城区和非设区市城区宽带用户平均接入速率达到20Mbps;80%以上的行政村实现光纤到村,农村宽带家庭普及率大幅提升;4G网络全面覆盖城市和农村,移动宽带人口普及率接近中等发达国家水平;手机流量和固定宽带平均资费水平将大幅下降。

Introduction to the Policies on Facilitating Faster and More Affordable Internet Connection

MIIT

(May 15, 2015)

Broadband network is a national strategic public infrastructure. Building high-speed, high-quality, more affordable and convenient broadband infrastructure and service system will not only drive information consumption and effective investment, and facilitate integrated development of industrialization, informatization, and new urbanization, but also reduce start-up costs. It will provide strong support to the “double engines” to encourage public entrepreneurship and innovation, increase public products and services, and promote the development of “Internet +”, which is of great importance to stable growth, economic reform, structure adjustment, and improved livelihood. On May 13, the Executive Meeting of the State Council reviewed the issue of speeding up the development of information infrastructure and facilitating faster and more affordable Internet connections.

I.Background

Since the issue the "Broadband China" strategy and Implementation Plan 2013, the Ministry has taken positive steps to implement the Plan together with relevant departments, carrying out broadband special initiatives in four consecutive years, which gives a significant boost to the development of broadband services. By the end of 2014, the number of households covered by FTTHtotaled 256 million; the number of broadband subscriptions at 8M and higher speed amounted to 82.067 million, accounting for 40.9% of total fixed broadband subscribers (200 million); 733 000 4G base stations werebuilt up with 583 million mobile broadband subscribers. For the last three years, the tariff for mobile traffic has dropped by approximately 60%, and that of fixed broadband services has decreased by about 30%.
But we should be also aware of the fact that China’s ranking on the ICT Development Index remains around the 80thin recent years, even lower in terms of international gateway bandwidth per netizen, mobile phone penetration and wireless broadband penetration rates.In general, China’sbroadband development is still lagging behind thegrowing user needs for information consumption; the speed of Internet connection, inparticular, falls considerably short of international standard and user expectations; the proportion of Internet access fees accounting for the income per capita is still high; unbalanced regional development between urban and rural areas and the quality of service are to be improved.There are many reasons behind these problems: lack of market competition and vitality, which requires deep reform and openness; less support to the broadband construction in rural and remote areas without effective guarantee to the right of way in broadband construction.

II. Major Measures and Objectives

The main work to be carried out in the next step includes:


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